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Property Valuation

Conducting a property valuation in the Philippines is a crucial step in various scenarios such as buying or selling property, applying for a mortgage, or for taxation purposes. Here's a step-by-step guide to help you through the process.

Property Valuation Tip


Step 1: Understand the Purpose of Valuation

  1. Identify Your Objective: Determine why you need the property valuation (e.g., for sale, purchase, loan application, tax assessment).

  2. Set Expectations: Different purposes may require different approaches or types of valuation.

Step 2: Choose a Qualified Appraiser

  1. Research Appraisers: Look for licensed real estate appraisers in the Philippines. You can start with the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC) or the Real Estate Service Act (RESA) for a list of licensed professionals.

  2. Verify Credentials: Ensure the appraiser is licensed and has a good track record.

  3. Consider Specialization: Some appraisers specialize in certain types of properties (residential, commercial, agricultural, etc.).

Step 3: Prepare Necessary Documents

  1. Property Documents: Gather ownership documents like the title (Transfer Certificate of Title or Condominium Certificate of Title), tax declaration, and recent realty tax receipts.

  2. Property Details: Prepare detailed information about the property, including size, age, type, layout, and any improvements or renovations.

Step 4: Property Inspection

  1. Schedule an Inspection: The appraiser will visit the property to inspect it. Be present if possible.

  2. Review of Physical Characteristics: The appraiser will assess the property's condition, location, size, and other physical attributes.

Step 5: Market Analysis

  1. Comparative Market Analysis (CMA): The appraiser will compare your property with similar properties in the area that were recently sold or are currently on the market.

  2. Consider Market Trends: The appraiser will analyze current market trends that could affect the property's value.

Step 6: Valuation Methods

  1. Cost Approach: This method calculates what it would cost to replace the property minus physical depreciation.

  2. Income Approach: Relevant for rental properties, this method is based on the income potential of the property.

  3. Sales Comparison Approach: This is the most common method and involves comparing the property with similar properties that have recently been sold.

Step 7: Receive the Valuation Report

  1. Review the Report: Once completed, the appraiser will provide a detailed valuation report.

  2. Understand the Valuation: The report should include the value of the property and the methods used to determine it.

Step 8: Use the Valuation

  1. For Sale or Purchase: Use the valuation to set or negotiate a price.

  2. For Loan Applications: Submit the valuation to the bank or financial institution.

  3. For Taxation: Use the valuation for property tax assessments or other tax-related purposes.

Additional Tips:

  • Regular Updates: Property values can change, so consider regular valuations if you don't plan to immediately use the information.

  • Legal and Regulatory Compliance: Ensure that the valuation process complies with Philippine laws and regulations, including those set by the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) if the valuation is for tax purposes.

  • Professional Advice: Consider consulting with real estate professionals or legal advisors for additional insights, especially for complex properties.

Remember, the accuracy of the valuation largely depends on the appraiser's expertise and the quality of information provided about the property.





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